Swollen, Normal or Not Immunization Scars?

 After a child is immunized, sometimes doctors warn of a number of mild side effects that may occur. One of them is swollen former immunization. Even though doctors have told them, not a few parents are still worried about this swelling.

Apart from swelling, you can also find redness around the injection site. Instead of panicking about things that are actually harmless, it is better for you to understand whether the condition that occurs in this child can be considered normal or not.

Swollen, Normal or Not Immunization Scars?

Are swollen immunization scars a cause for concern?

Swollen immunization scars are a normal form of side effects and are experienced by many people. This swelling is the body's reaction to the vaccination process and is a sign that the body is starting to develop immunity to disease.

Several hours after immunization, the skin around the injection area becomes red, swollen, and painful. However, this condition will subside on its own in the next 2-3 days. Immunization scars that are swollen are included in the Post-Immunization Follow-up Event (AEFI).

Even so, this condition does not always occur in all vaccines. The child may experience it after the following immunizations:

  • Measles, mumps, and rubella (MMR) vaccine

The MMR vaccine is given to prevent measles, mumps, and rubella in children. After vaccination, children may experience side effects in the form of swelling and pain from immunization.

  • Diphtheria, pertussis, and tetanus (DPT) vaccine

The DPT vaccine is given to prevent diphtheria, pertussis (whooping cough), and tetanus in children. Some of the side effects of this immunization include swelling, pain, and redness at the injection site, and fever. However, you don't need to worry because this can be treated by fever-reducing drugs.

  • Chickenpox vaccine

The chickenpox vaccine is given to prevent the disease in children. After immunization, your little one may experience pain or swelling at the injection area and a low-grade fever that makes him uncomfortable.

  • Influenza vaccine

Influenza vaccine can cause a number of side effects, from immunization scars, swelling, and pain to low-grade fever.

In addition to swollen scars of immunization, several other side effects may be experienced by children after immunization, namely low-grade fever, muscle, and joint pain, feeling tired, and becoming fussy. All of these conditions are considered normal and occur frequently.

Very few immunizations can have dangerous side effects. However, you must be vigilant if the swelling after immunization does not go away or gets worse.

In a minority of cases, the child may develop an anaphylactic allergic reaction. This condition can cause them to have difficulty breathing, blood pressure to drop dramatically, heart palpitations, vomiting, diarrhea, stomach cramps, and decreased level of consciousness. Anaphylaxis is a very dangerous and life-threatening condition.

How to deal with swollen immunization scars

In order for the swelling at the injection site to subside, there are several ways to deal with swollen immunization scars so that the child can recover quickly:

  • Use a cold compress

Soak the cloth in a container filled with water, then wring it out until the cloth is damp and no water drips. Place the cold cloth on the swollen area of the immunization.

A cold compress can help reduce discomfort and pain caused by the swelling.

  • Give pain relievers

If the child has a fever or pain in the area that was used for immunization, you can give him pain relievers such as paracetamol. However, you are not recommended to use it regularly. Make sure you give the right dose according to the instructions for use.

  • Give more fluids

Children who experience fever and swelling from the immunization should be given more water or breast milk. This provision can help increase his body's energy and speed up the recovery of your little one.

  • Distract the child

To reduce the pain that your child feels after immunization, try to divert his attention. For example, you can give him a new toy. When he was distracted, the pain he experienced lessened.

  • Rubbing your little one's body

Gently rubbing the child's body can help calm him down. When the child calms down, the pain can subside. Avoid rubbing the swollen immunization marks, as this can make the child hurt.

Before determining immunizations for children, make sure you consult with your doctor first. Also, ask about possible side effects.

Thank You...!

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